Web tutorial on using & referencing sources in academic papers

Examples by style & source type

When writing a paper, you will probably use a range of sources, such as books, journal articles, websites, research reports, conference papers, statistical information, press releases, annual reports, etc. All these will need to be documented in the correct way using the referencing style your lecturer prefers. On these pages, we'll show you how to reference the most commonly used source types -- books, articles, and web sources.

Would you like more detail or is your specific source type not addressed on these pages? The links on the left-hand side of the screen take you to resources with much more information about each referencing style.

Please choose your referencing style, then a source type, and you'll be shown basic guidelines and examples on how to:

  • quote, paraphrase, and summarize;
  • cite in the text;
  • write an entry for your reference list or bibliography.
  • APA
  • Chicago NB
  • Harvard
  • Print book
  • Online journal article
  • Web source